In order to monitor the implementation of the policy in the field of maritime navigation, as well as cooperation with the UN International Maritime Organization and other international maritime organizations, international maritime conventions to which the Republic of Azerbaijan is a signatory, prior to the formation of the Ministry of Transport, the exercise of these powers was transferred to the Azerbaijan State Caspian Shipping Company in accordance with Order No. 697 of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated April 21, 2001.
Following the establishment of the Ministry of Transport, the above-mentioned powers in the field of maritime navigation were transferred to the Ministry of Transport by Decree No. 880 of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated June 10, 2003 “On Approving the Regulations on the Ministry of Transport of the Republic of Azerbaijan”.
The State Maritime Administration was established by Order No.1271 of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated February 6, 2006 on the establishment of the State Maritime Administration of the Republic of Azerbaijan and all powers in the field of maritime navigation were transferred to the established administration.
The State Maritime Agency under the Ministry of Transport, Communications and High Technologies of the Republic of Azerbaijan was established on the basis of the State Maritime Administration of the Republic of Azerbaijan by Decree No.1785 of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated January 12, 2018 “On some measures to improve management in the field of transport, communications and high technologies in the Republic of Azerbaijan”. According to the Decree, the Agency was established as an executive body implementing state policy and regulation in the field of maritime transport on the territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
The public entity Navigation Safety Center is operating under the State Maritime Agency. The functions of the Center include organization of navigation safety system, vessel traffic control, carrying out vessel inspection, provision of pilotage service, remote vessel tracking and other functions related to navigation safety in territorial waters and port areas of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
The establishment of Navigation Safety Center aims to provide the implementation of the requirements of the international conventions, which the Republic of Azerbaijan is a signatory to, and effective implementation of the inspection of ships in accordance with international standards.
In order to implement the requirements of the “International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS)”, main functions of the Long Range Identification and Tracking National Center, established for the first time in Azerbaijan within the Caspian littoral countries and equipped with the latest navigational and surveillance equipment are tracking the position of ships navigating in the territorial waters of Azerbaijan through satellite and radar, provision of navigation safety, delivery of relevant navigation and weather forecast information to ships, implementation of control over the “Regulations of marine navigation in territorial waters of the Republic of Azerbaijan”, ensuring the alarm signals (SOS) from ships and other information are delivered to the relevant state bodies, implementation of operational relationship and exchange of information on a regular basis with international organizations, including national centers and shipping companies of other countries.
Carriage of more than 80 percent of world trade products safely, cost-effective and environmentally friendly is carried out by sea transport.
The Republic of Azerbaijan became a member of the International Maritime Organization in May 1995.
Today, the number of member states of the International Maritime Organization, which is an influential UN body, is 172.
Our country is developing multilateral cooperation in this field not only with the International Maritime Organization, but also with the International Labour Organization, the European Maritime Safety Agency, The Black Sea Economic Cooperation Organization and other international and regional organizations.
One of the most important and necessary activities for the development of maritime transport in the Republic of Azerbaijan are the measures taken to bring the national legislation into line with the international standards in the field of maritime transport in order to use the existing material and technical base more efficiently.
The renewal of the fleet and construction of new ships meeting modern requirements are always in the spotlight with a view to strengthening the transit potential of our country.
In many former Soviet Republics sea fleets were almost destroyed through carelessness and lack of control. In Azerbaijan, control over maritime transport, which is one of the strategically important fields of the economy, has been always maintained. At present, the fleet includes passenger ferries, ro-ro ships, oil tankers, dry cargo ships, pumping, scientific research, emergency-rescue, towing and diving, marine boiler vessels, as well as large tonnage crane ships having no analog.
All types of ships are produced at Baku Shipyard, which was built several years ago in Azerbaijan.