New Baku International Sea Trade Port Complex
In connection with the execution of Order No.2443 of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated October 18, 2007, the construction of the New Baku International Sea Trade Port Complex was launched in the territory of Alat settlement. The groundbreaking ceremony for the new port complex was held on November 3, 2010 with the participation of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
The project of the new port complex with a total area of 400 ha was developed by the Dutch company Royal Haskoning. Work and services on construction, supply and installation of goods on the dry part of the new port complex were carried out by Evrascon OJSC.
The Alat settlement, where Baku Port is located, intersects with existing highways and railways linking the inner regions of the country. The three international railway lines passing through Azerbaijan intersect in Alat settlement.The new Baku International Sea Trade Port Complex located at the crossroads of the East-West and North-South transport corridors, which is an integral part of Azerbaijan’s policy of turning the region into an important transport and logistics center, plays a crucial role in expanding the country’s transit potential.
The opening of the ferry terminal was held at the Baku International Sea Trade Complex with the participation of President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev on September 22, 2014, and the RO-RO terminal – on January 9, 2018.
The first stage of the new port complex under construction will have 12 berths with a cargo handling capacity of 15 million tons of cargo per year, including 100,000 units of 20-foot containers.Within the first phase, for RO-RO vessels, it is planned to build two berths, a universal dry-cargo and container terminal consisting of seven berths, two ferry berths and one berth for service vessels of the flotilla. Also, a repair base for the service vessels of the flotilla, repair base for service fleets, the operational building of the port, cargo areas and warehouses, as well as border and customs points will be built, as a whole, 72 buildings and facilities of various purpose, designing of international terminal for passengers, purchase, supply and installation of cranes will be implemented. The length of the berth for service flotilla vessels in the complex is 155 meters and 11 small vessels can also be moored here.
The new Baku International Sea Trade Port Complex, which is located at the crossroads of the East-West and North-South transport corridors is an integral part of Azerbaijan’s policy of turning the region into an important transport and logistics center and plays a crucial role in expanding the country’s transit capacities.Within the project special attention is given to the creation of information technologies and security infrastructure that meet up-to-date requirements. To this end, it is planned to use the Port Management and Information System and other information technology components that will provide efficient management of operations in the territory of the port, as well as creation of a security system that complies with the International Code for the Security of Ships and Port Facilities. The introduction of the information technology component will increase the effectiveness of the port operations. The Port Operation Management System, which is one of the fully automated information technology modules implemented at the Ro-Ro terminal, allows easily and transparently implementing all processes. Thus, the electronic declaration of cargo crossing the state border of Azerbaijan and bound for this port, enters the Operation Management System here through the State Customs Committee.As a result, the date of cargo arrival to the port becomes clear, place is allocated for it in the waiting area and payment to the carrier company is made online. Based on the registration number of the vehicle entering the port, the cargo information is reflected in the operating system and the cargo owner can monitor this information. At the end of the documentation, the TIR is loaded onto the ship and the port of destination receives information about the cargo, its delivery time and the vessel. Work is underway to connect relevant public and private bodies, as well as the ports of Georgia, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan to the network through this system.
Within the project, biological water treating units based on the latest technologies were built for the first time in the basin of the Caspian Sea for purification of water drained from ships with oil composition and domestic waters. To date, a fleet of 11 railway lines has been constructed for receiving, sending and sorting of wagons.
With a view to improving the efficiency of handling operations, a new portal technology of various cargo applications has been purchased from German company Ardelt and is currently being installed.
The new port will directly serve as a point of concentration for the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway line, commissioned on October 30, 2017. Thus, it will create a basis for the formation of an effective and sustainable logistics chain that will ensure the concentration of cargo flows entering the country along the corridors from the north, south, east and west in the new port complex and their transportation from here through the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway line in the direction Europe or by vessels in easterly direction. In the surrounding territories, including the territory of the new port, it is planned to create a free economic zone that will provide the port with more opportunities for transit and transportation as an important transport hub.
In addition, on March 17, 2016, President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev signed an Order on measures to create a Free Trade Zone of special economic area including the territory of the new Baku International Sea Trade Port in Alat settlement of Garadagh district.