International Transport Corridor Europe-the Caucasus-Asia (TRACECA)
European Union TRACECA - the Transport Corridor Europe-the Caucasus-Asia programme was initiated at a conference in Brussels in May 1993 which brought together trade and transport ministers from Caucasian and Central Asian countries (Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan).The participants of the conference adopted the Brussels Declaration on the implementation of the TRACECA technical assistance programme.
The goal of the TRACECA programme is to provide assistance in the restoration of the transport infrastructure of the newly independent states of the South Caucasus and Central Asia, create a shortest transport corridor connecting Europe and Asia and thereby integrate the region into the West, as well as create a reliable transport system serving the implementation of EU programs aimed at the revival and development of the economies of these states.
An international conference on the restoration of the historical Silk Road was held in Baku on 7-8 September. The Conference was attended by the presidents of nine countries - Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Romania, Turkey, Uzbekistan and Ukraine, as well as delegations from 13 international organizations and 32 countries. The Basic Multilateral Agreement on international transport for the development of the Transport Corridor Europe- the Caucasus - Asia was signed on the basis of the TRACECA programme and the Baku Declaration was adopted.
The Basic Multilateral Agreement envisages cooperation on a number of issues such as development of economic, trade and transport relations in Europe, the Black Sea, the Caucasus, the Caspian Sea and the Asian region, facilitating access to the markets of road, air and railway transport, and commercial navigation, development of international transportation of cargo and passengers, as well as hydrocarbon resources, establishing an equal competitive environment between transport safety, environmental protection and different means of transport.
The Permanent Secretariat of TRACECA was opened in Baku city in 2001, the current Secretary-General is Mircea Ciopraga (Romania).
One of the important events in the development of the TRACECA Programme was Anniversary Conference of Transport Ministers of TRACECA member states, which took place in Baku on December 4, 2008.