The history of road transport in Azerbaijan dates back to the early 20th century. There were only 36 cars in Azerbaijan in 1911, while the length of paved roads totaled 210 kilometers.
In the 1920s-1930s, the foundation of a specialized motor vehicle fleet was laid in Azerbaijan for the implementation of technological and special measures in particular in the oil industry.
In 1926, there were 896 vehicles in the fleet of motor vehicles in the Republic, 275 of them were cars, 518 lorries, and 103 were specialized vehicles. More than 400 trucks were in the possession of AzNeft.
The expansion of the moto park contributed to the increase in the length of highways. Within specified period, it was 6500 km, while the length of the union and republican roads was 2300 km.
In order to meet the transport needs in the industry, agriculture, defense and other branches of a rapidly developing republic, the creation of a vehicle fleet was one of the most important measures.
In this regard, in 1935-1936 a branch of the “Soyuztrans” haulage company was established in the republic, which included automobile detachments for freight and passenger transportation.
In 1939, National Moto Transport Commissariat (with 600-800 automobiles) and in March 1946 Ministry of Road Transport were established.
Developing dynamically, the Ministry of Road Transport reached its peak in the 1987-1990s and included 140 moto transport enterprises, 9 industrial, 11 construction.
“Azeravtonegliyyat” State Concern was established in February 1992. The moto vehicle fleet comprised 16000 lorries, 7600 cars (taxis), and 5800 buses.
In accordance with the programs of privatization of state property in the Republic of Azerbaijan, the privatization of transport enterprises began in 1995, and now, with the exception of those located on the territories occupied by the Armenian invaders, almost all moto transport enterprises have been privatized.
The Regulations on the Ministry of Transport was approved by Decree No.880 of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated June 10, 2003. In accordance with the implementation of paragraph 8 of the Decree, the Department of Avtonegliyyatservis was established by Order No.04 of the Ministry of Transport dated June 24, 2003.
For the purpose of regulating and improving legal and economic relations and state control system between state bodies, carriers, owners of infrastructure facilities and consumers of transport services in connection with the provision of services for passenger transport and goods by road, as well as in connection with infrastructure facilities for road transport, the Law of the Republic of Azerbaijan on Road Transport was adopted on April 1, 2008. In order to ensure the requirements of Decree No.792 of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated July 4, 2008 on the application of this Law, the State Road Transport Service of the Ministry of Transport of the Republic of Azerbaijan was established on the basis of “Avtoneglyyatservis” Department LLC of the Ministry of Transport of the Republic of Azerbaijan. “Regulations on the State Road Transport Service of the Ministry of Transport of the Republic of Azerbaijan” was approved by Decree No.472 of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated July 20, 2011.
The State Road Transport Service was included in the structure of the Ministry of Transport, Communications and High Technologies by the Decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated January 12, 2018.
The State Road Transport Service participates in the development of the state policy in the field of road transport and the implementation of legal regulation in this area, takes measures in the development of passenger and freight transport by road, monitors the implementation of international norms and regulations by road transport entities engaged in carrying out international and domestic conveyance of passengers and goods, as well as compliance with regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Azerbaijan, ensures the organization of regular passenger transportation by road and formation of government order in this area, takes measures as required by law for the safe performance of transport by road on the basis of uniform standards and rules, carries out activities in other areas determined by law.
According to the Decree of President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev “On some measures to improve governance in the field of road transport” dated October 11, 2021, a public legal entity Azerbaijan Land Transport Agency was established under the Ministry of Digital Development and Transport on the basis of the State Road Transport Service under the Ministry of Transport, Communications and High Technologies, limited liability companies Transport Service, Baku Motor Transport Enterprise No. 1, Baku Motor Transport Enterprise No. 2, Baku Motor Transport Enterprise No. 3 , Ganja Regional Transport No. 1, Guba Regional Transport No. 2, Shirvan Regional Transport No. 3, Lankaran Regional Transport No. 4, Yevlakh Regional Transport No. 5, Sheki Regional Transport No. 6, Goychay Regional Transport No. 7, Sumgait Regional Transport No. 8, Ujar Regional Transport No. 9 , Shamkir Regional Transport No. 10 , Tovuz Regional Transport No. 11 , Beylagan Regional Transport No. 12 , Jalilabad Regional Transport No. 13 , Shamakhy Regional Transport No. 14 , Mingachevir Regional Transport No. 15 subordinate to the State Road Transport Service, limited liability companies Organization of Road Transport, Transport Training & Education Center subordinate to the Ministry of Transport, Communications and High Technologies, Sumgait Department of Passenger Transportation by Road under the Head of the Executive Power of Sumgait City and Ganja Department of Passenger Transportation by Road under the Head of the Executive Power of Ganja city.
Public legal entity Azerbaijan Land Transport Agency regulates road transport, meets the needs for road transport and other road transport services in the Republic of Azerbaijan, controls compliance with the rules and requirements related to international and domestic passenger and cargo transportation, as well as provisions of regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Azerbaijan in this field and international treaties to which the Republic of Azerbaijan is a signatory (with the exception of regulation and control in the field of regular passenger transportation by public transport vehicles and taxis in the administrative territory of Baku city).