New Baku International Sea Trade Port Complex
In accordance with the Order No.2443 of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated October 18, 2007, the construction of the New Baku International Sea Trade Port Complex was launched in the territory of Alat settlement. The groundbreaking ceremony for the new port complex was held on November 3, 2010 with the participation of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
The project of the new port complex was developed by the Dutch company Royal Haskoning. Work and services on construction, supply and installation of goods at the dry part of the new port complex are carried out by Evrascon OJSC.
A land plot of 400 hectares was allocated for the construction of port complex. The Port of Baku will have the opportunity to receive 11 vessels at the end of the first phase, which is planned to be completed in mid-2018, and its cargo handling capacity will be 15 million tons of cargo per year. After completion of the second and third phases, the port’s cargo handling capacity will be 25 million tons of cargo, including 1 million TEU containers.
Baku Port is a transportation hub linking the west (Turkey and EU), east (Central and East Asia), south (Iran and India) and north (Russia). In addition, new port location is linked to existing highways and railways connecting the port to the inland regions of the country. There are three international railway routes into Azerbaijan, which all converge at Alat:
President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Mr. Ilham Aliyev signed a decree on March 17, 2016, on measures to create a Free Trade Zone type special economic area covering the territory of the new Baku International Sea Trade Port in Alat settlement of Baku’s Garadagh district.
The Ro-Ro terminal has already been opened in the complex.
According to the Master Plan, the first stage of the new port complex under construction will have 12 berths with a cargo handling capacity of 15 million tons of cargo per year, including 100,000 units of 20-foot containers. In the first phase, for RO-RO vessels, it is planned to build two berths, a universal dry-cargo and container terminal consisting of seven berths, two ferry berths and one berth for service vessels of the flotilla. Also, a repair base for the service vessels of the flotilla, the operational building of the port, cargo areas and warehouses, as well as border and customs points will be built, as a whole, 72 buildings and facilities of various purpose, design of international terminal for passengers, acquisition, equipping and installation of cranes will be implemented. The length of the berth for service flotilla vessels in the complex is 155 meters and 11 small vessels can be moored here at the same time.
The new Baku International Sea Trade Port Complex, located at the crossroads of the East-West and North-South transport corridors, is an integral part of Azerbaijan’s policy of turning the region into an important transport and logistics center and plays a crucial role in expanding the country’s transit capacities.
Particular attention in the project is given to the creation of information technologies and security infrastructure that meet modern requirements. To this end, it is planned to use the Port Management and Information System and other information technology components that will provide efficient management of operations, as well as creation of a security system in the port area that complies with the International Code for the Security of Ships and Port Facilities. The introduction of the information technology component will increase the effectiveness of the port operations. The Port Operation Management System, which is one of the fully automated information technology modules implemented at the Ro-Ro terminal, allows for easy and transparent operation of all processes. Thus, the electronic declaration of cargo crossing the state border of Azerbaijan and bound for this port, enters the Operation Management System here through the State Customs Committee. As a result, the date of cargo arrival to the port becomes clear, place is allocated for it in the waiting area, the payment is transferred online to the carrier company. Based on the registration number of the vehicle entering the port, the cargo information is reflected in the operating system and the cargo owner can monitor the data. At the end of the documentation, the TIR is loaded onto the ship and the port of destination receives information about the cargo, the time of its delivery and the vessel. Work is underway to connect relevant states and private entities, as well as the ports of Georgia, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan to the network through this system.
In addition, in the framework of the project, biological water treating units based on the latest technologies were built for the first time in the basin of the Caspian Sea for purification of water drained from ships with oil composition and domestic waters. To date, a fleet of 11 railway lines has been established for receiving, sending and sorting of wagons.
With a view to improving the efficiency of handling operations, a new portal technology of various cargo applications has been purchased from German company Ardelt and is currently being installed.
The new port will directly serve as a point of concentration for the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway line, commissioned last year. Thus, a basis will be created for the formation of an effective and sustainable logistics chain that will ensure the concentration of cargo flows entering the country along the corridors from the north, south, east and west in the new port complex and their transportation from here through the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway line in the direction Europe or by vessel in easterly direction. In the surrounding territories, including the territory of the new port, it is planned to create a free economic zone that will provide the port with more opportunities for transit and transportation as an important transport hub.