Radio broadcasting in Azerbaijan started on November 6, 1926, TV broadcasting - 14 February 1956.
Currently, radio broadcast in the country is transmitted on medium (AM radio 526,5-1606,5 kHz) and ultra-short (FM radio 88Mhz-108 Mhz) waves, and television programs in the standard PAL, D / K and III, IV and V TV ranges. On medium waves radio broadcast “Azerbaijan” and foreign radio is broadcast in different languages. Reception of programs at these wavelengths, depending on the technical features, is provided not only in the country but also abroad.
Reception of programs on these radio waves, depending on the technical features, can be received not only in the country but also abroad.
As regards broadcasting on the FM band, the coverage area is relatively small, but it provides a high-quality signal compared to average waves, they covered 97% of the country.
At the moment 12 radio programs (radio Azerbaijan Public Radio, Burc FM, Khazar, Lider FM, Antenn, ANS ChM, Space 104 FM, Azad Azerbaijan , 106 FM, Media-FM, Araz FM) are broadcast on the FM band in the country.
At the same time, 2 radio programs (Nakhchivan State Radio and Radio Voice of Nakhchivan) are broadcast on FM band in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. Radio program “Azerbaijan” covers 100% of the country, Public Radio - 93%, other programs - 60-90%.
Today 23 TV channels are broadcast in the country, of which 9 (AzTV, Medeniyyet, İdman Azerbaycan, ITV, Lider TV, ATV, Space TV and ANS TV) being republican TV programs, cover most territory of the country. Thus, AzTV programs cover 99.9% of the population, ITV (Public TV) - 88,8% and other channels - about 80%. Along with these programs, according to the agreement signed with the Republic of Turkey, Turkish TRT-1 channel broadcast like republican channels covers approximately more than 95% of the population.
In parallel with the republic-wide TV channels in analog format in the country now there are 12 regional channels: Mingechevir TV (Mingachevir), Turkel TV (Ganja-Tovuz) Kepez TV (Ganja), ELTV (Yevlakh), Kanal-S (Shaki), Cenub TV (Lankaran), RTV (Khachmaz), Aygun TV (Zagatala), Alternativ TV (Ganja), Qutb TV (Guba), Xayal TV (Guba), Dunya TV (Sumgait) and 2 local TV channels function in Nakhchivan AR ( NMR TV (Nakhchivan State Television and Radio Broadcastng Committee) and Channel 35 TV (Nakhchivan AR).
Besides that, channel ATV-INT, belonging to independent broadcasting company «Azad Azerbaijan» is broadcast to bring information about Azerbaijan in foreign languages in neighboring and other countries.
TV and radio broadcasting in the country has been carried out with the help of more than 400 transmitters of different capacities, installed on 224 radio-TV stations.
Republic-wide radio and TV programs, in addition to terrestrial broadcasts, are also broadcast by satellite. Azerbaijan’s national TV programs are mainly broadcast via Azerbaijani satellite Azerspace-1/Africasat-1a orbital position 46°E and satellites HotBird and Seasat located on 13 ° E and 36 ° E, respectively, which belong to the organization Eutelsat.
The introduction of new digital technology in Radio-TV broadcasting, has led to the need to replace analog standard with more modern digital standards. As in other countries, currently the Ministry of Communications and Information Technologies carries out relevant activities on the transition to digital television broadcasting in the country.
According to the decree № 274 of the Cabinet of Ministers of Azerbaijan Republic dated 13 September 2006, the introduction of the European digital TV standard DVB-T was considered expedient and “Program on Implementation and Development of digital broadcasting DVB-T in Azerbaijan Republic” was approved by the decree № 26 of the Cabinet of Ministers dated February 10, 2011.
The main advantages of the transition to digital broadcasting is to improve the quality of television programs, create favorable conditions for more effective use of frequency resources of strategical importance and receive numerous TV programs via terrestrial broadcast.
Test broadcasting in the new format was started in New Teletower for the first time in Baku in 2004 in connection with the transition to digital broadcasting in Azerbaijan.
Standard DVB-T MPEG-4 was adopted in the republic for digital TV broadcast.
Currently, more than 95% of the population is covered with open package (10 TV programs- AZTV, ITV, Idman, Medeniyyet, ANS, Lider, Space, ATV, Khazar, TRT1) digital DVB-T MPEG-4 standard TV broadcast and digital broadcast is now carried out in parallel with analogue one through the installed 48 digital TV transmitters including Baku, Ganja, Lerik, Aghsu, Aghstafa, Imishli, Mingachevir, Shirvan and other TV stations.
Thus, all cities and district centers of the country, as well as neighboring settlements are provided with an open digital TV package. Broadcasting with an open digital package has also been carried out in Nakhchivan AR since early 2012 and 51% of the population of the autonomous republic are given opportunity to watch TV in digital quality.
Necessary steps are taken to meet the digital need of the rest part of the country (it includes remote mountainous villages and settlements that do not accept the digital signal due to the nature of the relief). As a result of these measures, analogue broadcasting in the country will be ceased step by step before the end of 2013.
At the same time, to ensure broadcasting of radio channels in digital format, testing of digital radio broadcasts in Baku are carried out on the FM band at a frequency of 105.0 MHz in parallel with HD digital radio channels.
To enable population to receive digital TV channels in the republic, i.e. for receiving digital TV broadcast, the population is recommended to purchase or use a digital TV transforming equipment ( decoders, set-top-boxes).
At present, the plant KUR in Mingechevir and the plant “Sputnik” of the Ministry of Defense Industry launched production of digital decoders, and at the same time sales of TV decoders of foreign production are organized in the country as well.